Senin, 26 September 2011

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur, the Biggest Buddhist Temple in the 9th Century
BorobudurWho does not know Borobudur? This Buddhist temple has 1460relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Millions of people longing to visit the buildings included in this World WonderHeritages. Not surprisingly, since architecturally and functionally, asa place of worship, Borobudur is attractive.

Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of Old Mataram Kingdom, Dynasty dynasty descendants. BasedKayumwungan inscription, an Indonesian named HudayaKandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship which was completed on 26 May 824, almost one hundred years since the early days was built. The name of Borobudur, as some people means a mountain having terraces (budhara), while the other says that Borobudur means monastery on the heights.

Borobudur punden staircase-shaped building consists of 10 levels.Height of 42 meters and 34.5 meters before it was renovated after the renovation because the lowest level was used as a drag. Six lowest level of a square and two upper circular form, and the highest level of Buddhist stupa facing to the west. Each level represents the stages of human life. Corresponding schools of Mahayana Buddhism, every person who wants to reach the level as the Buddha had to go through each level of the life.
BorobudurThe base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, symbolizing human beings that are still bound by lust. Four levels above it called Rupadhatu symbolizing human beings that have set themselves free from lust but still tied to appearance and shape. At that level, put the Buddha statue is open. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddhist stupas are laid in holes called Arupadhatu, symbolizing human beings that have been free from lust, appearance, and shape. The top part is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.
Each terrace has beautiful relief panels showing how skillful. Relief that will be read coherently when you walk in a clockwise direction (towards the left of the entrance of the temple). In the reliefs of Borobudur tells of a legendary story, namely the Ramayana. In addition, there are relief panels describing the condition of society at that time. For example, relief of farmers' activity reflecting the advance of agriculture system and relief of sailing boat representing the advance of the voyage who was based in Bergotta (Semarang).
All relief panels in Borobudur temple reflect the Buddha's teachings. Therefore, this temple can be used as educational media for people who want to learn Buddhism. YogYES invites you to 

Borobudursurround each of the narrow passageways in Borobudur in order to understand the philosophy of Buddhism. Atisha, a Buddhist from India in the 10th century once visited this temple that was built 3 centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and 4 centuries before the Grand Cathedrals in Europe.
Thanks to visiting Borobudur and having Buddhist manuscripts from Serlingpa (one of the King of Sriwijaya), Atisha was able to develop Buddhism. He became head Vikramasila monastery and taught Tibetans of practicing Dharma. Six manuscripts of Serlingpa was condensed into a core doctrine called "The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment" or better known by the name Bodhipathapradipa.
One of the questions still unanswered about Borobudur is how the condition around the temple was built and why the temple was found in the buried state. Some say Borobudur originally stood surrounded by swamp and then buried by the eruption of Merapi.Calcutta is essentially the inscription reads 'Amawa' means sea of ​​milk. The word is then interpreted as the lava of Merapi. Some others say buried by cold lava of Merapi Borobudur.
BorobudurWith all the grandeur and mystery that is, only natural that many people of all enter the world penjru Borobudur as a place to visit in his life. Besides enjoying the temple, you can walk around to the villages around Borobudur, Karanganyar and Wanurejo like to see the activities of people making crafts. You can also go to the top of watu Kendil to be able to see panoramic view from the top of Borobudur. What are you waiting? No need to worry about an earthquake May 27, 2006, because of Borobudur is not affected at all.

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