Senin, 26 September 2011

Prambanan Temple

Prambanan Hindu Temple Beautiful in the World
PrambananPrambanan temple is incredibly beautiful building that was built inthe 10th century during the reign of two kingsand Rakai RakaiPikatan BalitungRose as high as 47 feet (5 meters higher than Borobudur temple), the foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire to show Hindu triumph in the land of JavaThis temple islocated 17 kilometers from the city centerin the middle of the areathat is now a beautiful park.

There is a legend that Javanese people always tell about this templeOnce, a man named Roro Jonggrang Bondowoso love.Because of his love, Jonggrang asked Bondowoso make 1000 temples with statues in one nightThe request was nearly fulfilledJonggrang asked the villagers to pound rice and make a big firethat created an atmosphere like the morning. Bondowoso who only completed 999 statues cursed into a statue to Jonggrang-1000because he felt cheated.

Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva. These three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. All three temples were facing east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Swan to Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. In addition, there are two temples wedge, 4 temples color, and 4 corner temples. In the second there are 224 temples.
PrambananEntering the Shiva temple located in the middle and the highest building, you will find a room 4. One main room contains a statue of Shiva, while the other three rooms each containing a statue of Durga (Shiva's wife), Agastya (Shiva's teacher), and Ganesha (Shiva's son). Durga is touted as the statue of Roro Jonggrang described in the legend above.
In the Vishnu temple is located in the north of Shiva temple, you will only find one room with a statue of Vishnu. Brahma temple, which lies south of Shiva temple, you will only find one room with a statue of Brahma.
Quite attractive accompanying temple is Garuda temple that is located near the Vishnu temple. This temple keeps a story of half-bird human being named Garuda. Garuda is a mystical bird in Hindu mythology, who was gold, white face, red wings, beak and wings like an eagle. It is estimated, the figure is Hindu adaptation of Bennu figure (means 'rises' or 'shining', usually associated with the god Re) in ancient Egyptian mythology or Phoenix in Old Greek mythology. Garuda succeeded in saving his mother from the curse of Aruna (Garuda's handicapped brother) by stealing Tirta Amrita (holy water of the gods).
PrambananThe ability to save that which is admired by many people until now and used for various purposes. Indonesia used it to sign the country. That said, the creator of the emblem of Garuda Pancasila looking for inspiration in this temple. Other countries also use it to sign the country is Thailand, with the same reason but adaptation to the shape and appearance. In Thailand, Garuda is known or Krut Pha Krut.
Prambanan also has panels of relief describing the story of Ramayana. According to experts, the relief is similar to the Ramayana story is revealed through oral traditions. Another interesting relief is Kalpataru tree that the Hindu religion is considered as a tree of life, sustainability and environmental compatibility. In Prambanan, relief of Kalpataru tree is described lions flanking the center. The existence of this tree makes experts consider that the people of the 9th century had wisdom to manage its environment.
Just as the figure of Garuda, Kalpataru is now also used for various purposes. In Indonesia, Kalpataru is a symbol of Forum for Environment (WALHI). In fact, some scientists in Bali to develop the concept of Tri Hita Karana for environment conservation by seeing Kalpataru relief in this temple. The tree of life also can be found in the mountains that used to open the puppet arts. A proof that the relief panels in Prambanan has worldwide.
If careful, you can also see various birds relief, this time a real bird.Bird reliefs at Prambanan are so natural that biologists can identify their genus. One was relief of Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) that question. Why, the bird was actually just there Masakambing Island, an island in the Java Sea. Then, whether the type that were once numerous in Yogyakarta? Please find out yourself. Because, until now no single person who could solve the mystery.
Well, there are many more which can be extracted at Prambanan.You certainly should not be bored. If it was finally exhausted, you can rest in the garden around the temple. Interested? Come soon.Since September 18, 2006, you can enter a zone of Prambanan temple, although not yet able to enter the temple. Some of the damage caused by the earthquake last May 27, 2006 is now being repaired.

0 komentar:

Posting Komentar