Senin, 26 September 2011

KRATON - Palace of the King of Yogyakarta

KRATON - Palace of the King of Yogyakarta
KratonStretching between the monument as a boundary in the northernand southern limit Krapyak Stage, between Code River in the eastand west Winongo River. Between Mount Merapi and the South Seas, the Palace in the minds of the Java community, defined as the center of the world which is described as the center of the universe.

After the Treaty Giyanti, Prince Mangkubumi given region of Yogyakarta. To run the government, Prince Mangkubumi build a palace in 1755 in Forest region Beringan. This land is considered quite good because it is sandwiched between two rivers that protect it from possible flooding. The first king in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta is the title of Prince Mangkubumi lane I (HB I).

Naming and Meaning Layout

Palace, Keraton or Kraton, originates from the word ka-queen's,which means a place to live queen / king. Being a broader sense,is described simply, that all structures and buildings in the Kraton area have significant meaning related to essential Javanesephilosophy of life, namely Sangkan Paraning dumadi (where it came from humans and where eventually humans after death).

Outline, the Kraton area extending 5 km to the south until Krapyakand 2 km to the north ends at Monument. On this line there is alinear line dualism inverted, so that could be read symbolicallyphilosophically. From south to north, as the birth of human beingsfrom on high to the mortal nature, and vice versa as the process ofreturning humans to the side dumadi (God in view of Java). While the physical with the king's palace as a symbol of the true soul thatcomes into the physical body.

KratonPalace to Tugu monument as a way of life that is full of temptations.Beringharjo market symbolizes women temptation. While the temptation for power is symbolized by House Kepatihan. Both are located on the right. Straight road itself as a human symbol that is close to the Creator (Sankan Paraning dumadi).
Simply put, monument symbolism Linga (male) and Krapyak as Yoni (female). And Kraton as body that comes from both.
Spatial meaning Kraton
Hit by the earthquake in 1867, the Palace was severely damaged.At the time of HB VII in 1889, the building was refurbished. The lay still retained, but modified form of the building as it looks now
Monument and the Ward or Wards Manguntur Tangkil Kencana (where the king's throne), located in a straight line, this implies, when the Emperor sat on his throne and looking toward the Tugu, then he will always remember the people (manunggaling kawulo gusti).
KratonKraton same order of Mataram Dynasty in general. Kencana ward which became the king's reign, together with Prabayeksa as a place to store weapons Kraton heritage (in this room there are oil lamps Kyai Wiji, who always kept the courtiers to avoid outages), serves as the center. The ward is surrounded by a courtyard Kedhaton, so as to reach the center, must pass through a page that resembles a series of layered bewa (waves) over the ocean.
Order of the Palace is very similar to the constellation of mountains and plains Jambu Dwipa, which is seen as a continental center of the universe.
From north to south of the palace there are successive North Square, Siti Hinggil North, North Kemandhungan, Srimanganti, Kedhaton, Kemagangan, South Kemandhungan, Siti Hinggil Square South and South (high walls sheltered courtyard).
While the door to go through to get to each place of nine, called Regol. From the north there is a gate, pangurukan, Tarub great, brajanala, srimanganti, kemagangan, Gadhung Mlati, kemandhungan and ivory.
Brongtodiningrat critical look at these numbers, as it perfectly represents the highest number. This corresponds to nine holes in human beings, commonly called babahan hawa sanga.
The sacredness of each Palace building is indicated by the frequency and intensity of the Sultan at the venue.
Square, Pagelaran, and Siti Hinggil, at this place the Sultan only present three times a year, namely during the events of Pisowan Ageng Grebeg Maulud, Sawal and Besar. And opportunities are very very special incidental eg at the coronation of the Emperor and Crown Prince or Princess Coronation Duke Anom.
Kraton is indeed an old building, once damaged and restored. At first glance like Kingdom buildings. But when we go into the sultan's palace, which is the largest and most beautiful examples with symbolic meaning, a philosophy of life, human nature, how nature works and human beings live their lives and various symbols of life existence in them.

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